PHILOSTRATUS ATHENIENSIS [ ED. BLAISE DE VIGENERE] Les Images Ou Tableaux De Platte Peinture Des Deus Philostrates Sophistes Grecs Et Les Statues De Callistrate Mis en Francois par Blaise de Vigenere Bourbonnois Enrichis d'Arguments et Annotations Reveus et corrigez sur l'original par un docte personnage de ce temps en la langue Grecque Et Representez En Taille Douce en cette nouvelle edition Avec des Epigrammes sur chacun d'iceux par Artus Thomas Sieur d'Embry. A Paris, Chez Mathieu Guillemot, ruë Sainct Jaques a la bibliotecque, 1637.
Folio (390 x 260 x 70 mm.), engraved title page + (16) nn pp + 921 (rectius 919) 1 pp. + (47) nn pp with 68 large engravings (66 in the first part, 2 in second part = La Suite de Philostrate) title page not in the register, woodcut initials, head-and-tail pieces. Elaborate engraved title by Jasper Isac, depicting architectural and garden perspectives with putti and angelic musicians; 66 large (230 x 180 mm.) engraved and etched classical subjects by Isac, L. Gaultier and Thomas de Leeu after Antoine Caron and other artists, large woodcut head- and tail-pieces.
Contemporary brown marbled calf, spine gilt-lettered.
The most complete edition, describing a series of paintings ("imagines") reportedly seen at Naples by Philostratus. His descriptions were taken by Goethe, among others, to be of actual paintings, while other scholars deny their existence and favor the view that Philostratus instead reveals a fictionalized early interpretation of ancient artists' depictions of mythological subjects.
This edition was preceded by an unillustrated 1578 edition and a 1609 edition with only 58 plates. The translator Blaise de Vigenère of the French noble family in Saint-Pourçain studied Greek and Hebrew under Adrianus Turnebus and Jean Dorat and studied cryptography on diplomatic trips to Rome in 1549 and 1566.
This edition is a resetting of that of 1629/30, with changes in the engraved title-plate indicating the new date and names of booksellers. It uses the same engravings as in the 1614/15 edition. The illustration on p.872 carries the date 1609.
The Icones of Philostratus the elder and those of his younger relative and name-sake provide us with detailed rhetorical descriptions of incidents in Greek mythology as depicted by ancient artists or as the author imagined they might be depicted. The elder Philostratus particularly values realistic representation and dramatic contrasts between a central personage and surrounding figures; the younger is also concerned with the expression of emotion (he includes Medea and Marsyas among his subjects).
From the time of the classical revival in the 15th century these works were of great interest to artists and historians of art. After the discovery of the wall-paintings of Herculaneum, Pompeii and other ancient sites, which revealed actual examples of the subjects presented imaginatively by Philostratus (for example, Achilles and Cheiron, Perseus and Andromeda, Narcissus, Heracles and the pygmies), their historical usefulness was confirmed; and they are cited in the art-theoretic works of Winkelmann and Goethe.
The plates show attempted reconstructions of some of the scenes described in the texts. Sixty-five full-page illustrations are assigned to the Icones of the first Philostratus; two plates to the Icones and Heroicus of the second Philostratus; and one full-page illustration to the Descriptiones or Statuae of Callistratus.
Ref : A. Adams, S. Rawles, A. Saunders, A Bibliography Of French Emblem Books (2 v., 1999-2002), vol. II. no. F.484, p.309-11; J. Landwehr, French, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese books of Devices and Emblems, 1534-1827 (1976), p.588.
R. H. Webb, The transmission of the 'Eicones' of Philostratos and the development of 'ekphrasis' from the antiquity to the Renaissance [dissertation] (London, 1992); F. Goethe, Philostrats Gemaelde (1808).
- Anzahl der Bücher
- Illustriert, Literatur
- Autor/ Illustrator
- Les Images Ou Tableaux De Platte Peinture, 66 full-page engravins
- Erscheinungsjahr (ältestes Objekt)
- Bebilderte Ausgabe
- Mathieu Gulliemot
- Anders- siehe Beschreibung
- 390×260 mm