This lot contains:
7 letters (originals and “afschriften” (copies)) from and to the politician Johan Gijsbert baron Verstolk, lord of Soelen and Aldenhaag.
1. Letter from Verstolk - To “De Heeren von Scherff Rochussen zijner Majesteits Commissarissen tot het onderhandelen van een commercie tractaat met Pruissen en de Overige Staten van het Duitse zollverein te Cassel” - The Hague - 6 August 1838 - 2 pp.
2. Letter to Verstolk - Sender unknown - Cassel - 14 Aug 1839 - 4 pp. - Incomplete.
3. Letter from Verstolk - To “Den Heer Rochussen, Secretaris der Kamer van Koophandel, Directeur van het Entrepot te Amsterdam” - The Hague, 8 November 1839 - 3 pp.
4. Letter to Verstolk - From “Excellentie...???” - “Aan Z.H. de heer Baron Verstolk van Soelen, minister van Buitenlandsche Zaken” - Amsterdam, 9 November 1839 - 4 pp.
5. Letter from Verstolk - To “Den heere Rochussen, Raad van Legatie, belast met een buitengewone zending naar Parijs” - The Hague - 20 November 1839 - 1 pp
6. Letter to Verstolk - from H. de Perponcher - Berlin, 18 February 1840 - 1 pp - [Letter in French]
7. Letter from Verstolk - to “Wel Edel Gestrenge Heer den Heer Rochussen, Raad van Legatie” - The Hague - 18 June 1840 - 2 pp.
Condition: good antiquarian condition, some (light) signs of use and the usual discolouration (see pictures).
Will be carefully packaged and sent by registered mail.
“Afschriften” were the official copies of that time made for those involved in the correspondence and with direct dealings with the case / people in the government. Usually 1-4 copies were made / copied by hand by specially selected writers and kept for archiving in the (political) archives. Sometimes the signatures were also copied by the writer, sometimes the original signatures were placed on the “Afschriften” afterwards by the sender / writer.
PLEASE NOTE: Original official letters / documents like these are rare, and rarely auctioned.
¶ Johan Gijsbert baron Verstolk, lord of Soelen and Aldenhaag (Rotterdam, 16 March 1776 - Zoelen, 3 November 1845).
Verstolk was a conservative Rotterdam regent and diplomat, who was Foreign Minister under king William I for a long time. In the Batavian-French period and during the annexation, he already held important administrative functions, such as Prefect of Frise (Friesland). Later he was envoy to Russia. As a minister, he was one of the king's main pillars. Shortly after the accession of king William II, he resigned because of a conflict. He lived in The Hague in the small palace (later Royal Palace) on Lange Voorhout and in Castle Soelen.
Johan Gijsbert Verstolk studied law at the university in Göttingen (Germany), after which he obtained a doctorate at the university in Kiel.
Verstolk was an exceptionally skilled diplomat. An impressively long list of administrative positions followed.
He became an alderman in his native Rotterdam. In 1805 he joined the Departmental Gevenrment of Holland. This was followed by an appointment to the board of Amstelland. In 1810, he was appointed ‘landdrost’ of the province of Gelderland, followed by an appointment as Royal Commissioner in Friesland.
In 1815, he was commissioner-general in the Meuse and Ourthe government in Maastricht. But he was not given much rest. For in that same year he was appointed envoy to St. Petersburg in Russia. In 1826, his temporary ministry since 1825 was converted into a permanent ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was to hold this office for 15 years with great dedication.
The Netherlands' standing in the world was not very good in those years. The Belgian Revolution took place in those years. The Luxembourg issue also played a role. Verstolk travelled all over Europe to represent the Dutch cause.
In 1829 he published a report on the foreign policy of the Netherlands, commissioned by king William I. In 1833 a European conference was held in London. The Belgian issues and the Limburg and Luxembourg cases were discussed there.
On 8 May 1834, Russia, Prussia (Germany) and Austria secretly made a treaty that gave king William I the right to resume hostilities against Belgium if the London conference was not restarted. This Vienna Convention was the result of the diligent work of Johan Gijsbert Verstolk van Soelen. Because the case of the Belgian Revolution was actually a pointless matter, he and Groen van Prinsterer (cabinet secretary) tried to persuade the king to give in. The king, however, had no intention of doing so and started a diplomatic offensive, as a result of which Verstolk travelled all over Europe.
He visited Russia, Spain, Portugal and Austria. The aim was to retain Luxembourg and Limburg. In 1841 King William II refused to ratify the treaty. That treaty stated that Luxembourg would be incorporated into the German Zöllverein. Following the king's decision, Johan Gijsbert Verstolk offered his resignation as minister of Foreign Affairs. Verstolk believed that the king would cause too much damage to the Netherlands' interests by championing Luxembourg in this way. Verstolk felt that he could not take responsibility for this. On the day of his resignation, he was appointed Minister of State for his enormous merits for the Netherlands and was awarded the Knight Grand Cross in the Order of the Netherlands Lion.
- Handschriftlich unterzeichnet (ALS)
- Anzahl der Bücher
- Geschichte, Handschriften
- Autor/ Illustrator
- Minister of Foreign Affairs Johan Gijsbert Baron Verstolk van Soelen
- 7 Letters - Correspondence
- Erscheinungsjahr (ältestes Objekt)
- Erscheinungsjahr (jüngstes Objekt)
- Verschiedene Bücher/ Ausgaben
- Französisch, Niederländisch
- Anzahl der Seiten
- 32×21 cm