Voyages dans les deux Siciles et dans quelques parties des Apennins (Travels in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and the Apennine Mountains), by Lazzaro SPALLANZANI, 1799. ILLUSTRATED EDITION, 6 books in 5 volumes, COMPLETE work and in very good condition. FIRST FRENCH EDITION.
ONE OF THE FIRST GEOLOGY STUDIES AND DETAILED ANALYZES OF ACTIVE VOLCANOES (Etna, Vesuvius, Stromboli, Vulcano), a fascinating journey (1787-1791) to discover Southern Italy (Sicily, Campania, Calabria). An adventurous exploration, Lazzaro SPALLANZANI (1729-1799) climbed the summit of several Volcanoes "crawling on his hands and feet", and he reports in detail on his observations of the landscape and nature, for example describing the fumaroles, live eruptions or the diameter of the crater. He measured the flow rate of the lava from Vesuvius and studied boiling lava in the crater of Etna. From a cavern near Stromboli (Isole Eolie-Aeolian Islands) he noted that gas explosions forced up the red-hot lava and ejected massive rocks, an observation fundamental to volcanology. SPALLANZANI was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of London. He was member of Prussian Academy of Sciences, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, and Göttingen Academy of Sciences and Humanities.
'Of special interest were his minute and picturesque descriptions of the eruptions of Stromboli, which at not a little personal risk he watched from a crevice in the lava. His Travels in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Sicily, Campania, Calabria) and in some Parts of the Apeninnes (Tuscany, Emilia Romagna) contained a vast assemblage of careful observations among the recent and extinct volcanoes of Italy' (Geikie, The Founders of Geology, p. 199).
The folding engraved plates (21 x 23 cm) by J.B. RACINE, are of good quality and have a nice detail, as shown in the photos.
The notes contained in the work are by Barthélemy FAUJAS DE SAINT-FOND (1741-1819), a French geologist, volcanologist and traveler. One of his most important works by him was "Recherches sur les volcans éteints du Vivarais et du Velay", which appeared in 1778. Faujas was appointed the first professor of geology at the Jardin des Plantes in 1793. He secured the skull of Mosasaurus (in 1794), when Maastricht was captured, and moved it to Paris. The mineral faujasite is named after him.
Title: Voyages dans les deux Siciles et dans quelque parties des Appennins, par Spallanzani, professeur d'Histoire Naturelle dans l'Universit de Pavie...traduit par Amaury Duval, avec notes de Faujas de Saint-Fond...Published by Chez Maradan, An VIII (1799) in Paris.
Size: Height 23 x Width 13 cm (9.0 by 5.1 inches).
Description: 8vo size, Vol.1: 5 leaves for titles-introduction, and 311 pages. Vol.2: 2 leaves and 280 pages. Vol.3: 2 leaves and 291 pages. Vol.4: 2 leaves and 272 pages. Vol.5&6: 2 leaves, and 309 pages & 2 leaves and 215 pages. Plus 7 copper engravings (folded as issued). COMPLETE WORK. French text, pages and illustrations are clean, occasional light spotting and browning. Superb contemporary bindings in marbled sheepskin, with titles on ornate spine. The hardcovers are solid, firm, clean and in good condition. Genuine and fine edition beautifully illustrated and bound. COMPLETE EDITION, 6 BOOKS IN 5 VOLUMES.
References: Ward & Carozzi 2096; Norman 1984; Nordenskiöld, E. P. 1935 [Spallanzani, L.] Hist. of Biol. 247–24; Mira II, 376; Prandi p. 85; Artigliere n. 923.
Author: Lazzaro Spallanzani (1729-1799) was an Italian Catholic priest (he was nicknamed Abbé Spallanzani), biologist and physiologist who made important contributions to the experimental study of bodily functions, animal reproduction, and animal echolocation. His research on biogenesis paved the way for the downfall of the theory of spontaneous generation, a prevailing idea at the time that organisms develop from inanimate matters, though the final death blow to the idea was dealt by French scientist Louis Pasteur a century later. In 1768, he accepted the invitation
of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria to the chair of natural history in the University of Pavia, which was then being reorganized. Spallanzani studied the formation and origin of marine fossils found in distant regions of the sea and over the ridge mountains in some regions of Europe. A few years later, Spallanzani published reports about trips he made to Portovenere, Kythira Island, and Two Sicilies, addressing important issues such as the discovery of fossil shells within volcanic rocks, human fossils, and the existence of fossils of extinct species.
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- Anzahl der Bücher
- Biologie, Einbände, Geologie, Geschichte, Illustriert, Kartografie, Kunst, Naturgeschichte, Ornithologie, Physik, Reisen, Topografie, Wissenschaft (allgemein)
- Autor/ Illustrator
- Lazzaro Spallanzani and Barthélemy Faujas de Saint-Fond
- Voyages dans les deux Siciles (Travels in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies)
- Sehr gut
- Erscheinungsjahr (ältestes Objekt)
- Gebundene Ausgabe
- Limitierte Auflage, Signiert vom Illustrator
- Anzahl der Seiten
- 23×13 cm