PROVENANCE: Private Swiss Collection. old typewriter etiquette on the back, "Bamana Ba39 Mali"
HEIGHT: H = 50 cm, 62 cm on metal stand ( included in your package ).
CONDITION: Dry patina. the incised Aluminium decoration is oxidized due to aging . Some horns are missing on the upper part, one horn missing, an one aluminum ring missing (on the right). Left ear missing. (see images)
USE AND SIGNIFICATION: The Ntomo dancers association is a school for the young man, they had to learn to perform the mask at harvest festivals. The number of horns indicated the sex of the mask. (male: 3 or 6, female: 4 or 8, androgyne: 2,5 or 7-like for this mask). The small mouth symbolizes the virtue of thinking before speaking;
BIBLIOGRAPHY: For a similar mask see "BAMANA. The Art of Existence in Mali.", selection of the artworks by Frank Herreman and Lorenz Homberger. Edited by Jean-Paul Colleyn. Published by Museum for African Art, New York (2003)
ISBN 10: 3907077008 ISBN 13: 9783907077009
read more about the Ntomo at https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/312356
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David Norden is a third generation antique dealers, dealing in African Art in Antwerp-Belgium since 1992.