Silver/Guilder old III series 1250-1256
Mir. 36 cm.
Weight: 1.76 g
almost XF, patina
For the 700th anniversary of Dante's death (1265-1321), Catawiki dedicates to the "Sommo Poeta" (Great Poet) an auction focusing on the coins of that period and the ones dedicated to the characters of his Divine Comedy.
DANTE, FLORENCE AND POLITICAL ACTIVITY
Shortly after marriage, Dante began to participate as a knight in some military campaigns that Florence was waging against its external enemies, including Arezzo (battle of Campaldino on 11 June 1289) and Pisa (capture of Caprona, 16 August 1289). Subsequently, in 1294, he would have been part of the delegation of knights who escorted Carlo Martello d'Angiò (son of Charles II of Anjou) who in the meantime was in Florence. Political activity took Dante from the early 1290s, in a very convulsive period for the Republic. In 1293 the Laws of Giano Della Bella came into force, which excluded the ancient nobility from politics and allowed the bourgeois class to obtain roles in the Republic, as long as they were enrolled in an Art. Dante, as a noble, was excluded from city politics until 6 July 1295, when the Temperaments were promulgated, laws that gave back the right to the nobles to take on institutional roles, as long as they enrolled in the Arts. Dante, therefore, enrolled in the Art of Doctors and Apothecaries.
The exact series of his political appointments is not known, as the minutes of the assemblies have been lost. However, through other sources, it was possible to reconstruct a large part of his activity: he was in the People's Council from November 1295 to April 1296; he was in the group of the "Sages", who in December 1296 renewed the rules for the election of the priors, the highest representatives of each Art who would occupy, for a two-month period, the most important institutional role of the Republic; from May to December 1296 he was a member of the Council of the Hundred. He was sometimes sent as an ambassador, as in May 1300 to San Gimignano. In the meantime, within the Florentine Guelph party there was a very serious fracture between the group headed by the Donati, proponents of a conservative and aristocratic policy (black Guelphs), and that instead proponent of a moderately popular policy (white Guelphs), headed by Looking family. The split, also due to political and economic reasons (the Donati, exponents of the ancient nobility, had been outclassed in power by the Cerchi, considered by the first to be parvenu), generated an internal war which Dante did not escape by taking sides, moderately, on the side of the white Guelphs.
- Italy, Republic of Florence
- Repubblica (1189-1533)
- Fiorino vecchio III serie (1250-1256) RRR
- Precious metal