Post incunabulum (circa 1514) of the last two parts (3rd and 4th), complete in itself, of one of the most famous law books of the Middle Ages, written by Guillaume Durand (2), bishop of Mende, known for his writings on canonical law and the liturgy.
Edition shared by the printers François Regnault (14..-1540?) & Poncet Le Preux (1481-1559).
This is why the third part has the Regnault mark (elephant carrying the FR monogram) and the fourth has that of Ponset Le Dreux depicting two dragons facing each other.
Both parts were created with the same typographical material. Very meticulous work, red and black titles, printed in lovely Gothic characters.
The Durand text is laid out in two columns, annotations/comments in the margin (for the complete list of the 20 annotators see Moreau) everything is embellished with gorgeous dropcaps. Superb!
Copy preserved in its period full tobacco leather binding, it was restored as can be seen in the photos. The boards are adorned with a blind-stamped decoration framing the repeated bees. Plain spine.
Binding completely restored in the 20th century. Fresh and clean inside, meticulous printing on very white high quality paper, no foxing, light dampstain on the very edge of the top margin of some leaves, without reaching the text. Some very rare handwritten notes in pen (old).
A doctor’s ex-libris handwritten in pen on the inner front cover dated 1710.
The Speculum judiciale, first written around 1271, then redone in 1286 to 1291, is a treatise in which all of the rules of procedures, both civil and criminal, of canonical procedure and incidentally of contracts are set out following the method of the glossators. In this vast synthesis of Roman laws and ecclesiastical laws, which no jurist had yet attempted before, it is not limited to the assemblage of all the elements that the legislative texts, jurisprudence and the commentaries of its predecessors could provide: its personality is marked by the order, the measure, the clarity, the practical sense that reign in the entire work and reveal not only the learned theorist, but also the experienced magistrate, the administrator experienced in the practice of business.
In this respect, it has been possible to rightly compare Guillaume Durand’s treatise with that written around the same time by Philippe de Beaumanoir under the name of Coutumes de Beauvoisis (Coutume): these are certainly the two most remarkable works left to us from the Middle Ages.
Since it was published the Speculum has found a great and lasting success: in schools as well as in the courtroom. Before long Durand was known only as the “author of the Speculum” (Speculator), his text was enriched with commentaries and historical notes by Jean André (Giovanni d’Andrea), Baldo degli Ubaldi, Alexandre de Nevo, and supplemented by an alphabetical directory (inventarium) that Cardinal Bérenger, former bishop of Béziers, would write in 1306.
The Speculum has come down to us in a large number of manuscripts and especially in printed editions, fourteen of which date from the 15th century (Strasbourg, 1473 ; Rome, 1474, etc.).
Author: Guillaume Durand / Comments Baldo degli Ubaldi
Title: Tertia pars. Speculi iudicialis cum additionibus Jo.an.s Bal.s alijs nouiter addits suo locovbiq(ue) positis
Quarta pars. Speculi iudicialis ....
Publishing information: [Paris] : Wenundatur Parrhysiis in vico Jacobeo a Francisci Regnault [and] Ponceto le Preux, no date ( 1514 according to the colophon of the first part: Francisci Regnault [et] Ponceti Le Preux anno Domini .M. quinge[n]tesimo quartodecimo pridie Nonas Noue[m]bris [4 Nov. 1514].)
xxxij [ or 32 leaves = 64pp ] ; cclxxxiiii + 1 leaf [ or 284 ff + 1 f = 568pp]
Quarto, 22 x 17 cm.
- Number of Books
- Bindings, History, Law
- Author/ Illustrator
- Guilelmi Duranti ; Giovanni d'Andrea; Baldo degli Ubaldi
- Book Title
- Speculi iudicialis domini Guilelmi Duranti natione Galli. Cum additionibus Jo.an.s Bal.s P3-P4
- Very good
- Publication year oldest item
- 1st Edition
- Original language
- Binding/ Material
- Other - see description
- Number of pages
- 22×17 cm