Guillaume du Choul - Discorso… sopra la Castrametatione, et Bagni antichi de i Greci, et Romani - 1582

Description
Guillaume du Choul - Discorso… sopra la Castrametatione, et Bagni antichi de i Greci, et Romani - 1582
History, Militaria - Quantity: 1 - tipped in plates - Book

Rich iconographic apparatus, with 57 large woodcuts. Present in excellent condition, with some coeval reinforcement, the large folding plate (45 x 37 cm), in which the order and the plan of the Roman camp is shown (which is normally missing in almost all other copies of this work).

This book is “illustrated with a large number of medals and many beautiful figures taken from ancient marbles, which are in Rome and Gaul”. The text itself is interspersed with references to coins, medals and engraved stones that Du Choul had in his collection or that had just been discovered in the city.

Full-page plates, depicting various types of soldiers on foot and on horseback in their uniforms, bearers of insignia, players, construction of the camp, the various military machines, etc.; the "Baths" are illustrated by 3 figures on half page and 3 on full page, depicting the building, the wrestlers, body care items (strigilo and gotto).
A work of considerable interest for the knowledge of military art among the Romans and their uses and customs in the attendance of public baths.
Edition missing in STC, French. Baudrier IX, 229. Olschki, Choix VII, 10088. Cicognara 3667 (I ed.): "...bellissime pei tipi e le tavole"..

Castrametatione is an ancient military term, which illustrates the art of choosing and arranging the site of a camp or stronghold.

Very hard to find complete with woodcuts and the large illustrated plate. Accurate description of the Roman and turquoise armies, written by the antiquarian and historian Guillaume de Choul and Francesco Sansovino, translated into Italian.
Complete with the folding plate of the Roman field, rarely present.

Two parts in one: the work is divided into two parts, the first by Guillaume Du Choul and the second, 'Informatione Della Militia Turchesca' by Francesco Sansovino.
The first part examines three aspects of Roman civilization; the art of building military camps and military exercises, baths and Roman religion, focusing heavily on the Roman army. Choul was a member of a humanist circle in Lyon.

He was an antiquarian famous for his collection of ancient coins. He researched ancient Rome extensively and was encouraged in his efforts by King Francis I. Translated from French into Italian by Gabriele Simeoni, who was a good friend of Choul. He was an Italian Renaissance humanist, as well as being a military man, astrologer and historian. The second part on Turkish military customs is written by Francesco Sansovino, an Italian scholar, known for his versatility in academic studies. He was one of the most important humanists of his century, as well as a scholar and literary critic.

Half leather binding with green cardboard panels painted by hand, titles handwritten on a label on the spine; Pp. (4b) + 160 + (8) + 56 + (4b); . Typographic brand (Minerva on a wolf) woodcut on the frontispiece, woodcut titles and initials, 43 full-page woodcuts + 14, depicting war scenes and military uniforms, a large panel (45 x 37 cm) depicting the arrangement of the Roman army on the battlefield, erroneously linked between the two parts of the work, instead of at the end of the volume. Uncommon illustrated edition on Castrametation, the ability to place the army on the battlefield, here focused on the armies of the ancient, Roman, Greek and Turkish worlds. Rich iconographic apparatus, with 57 large woodcuts and the large folding plates showing the order and plan of the Roman camp.

Guillaume du Choul (c. 1496 – 4 November 1560) belonged to a family of men of law from Lyon. His research on ancient Rome, encouraged by Francis I, was partially published during his lifetime, in authoritative books until the eighteenth century.

His collections were famous as early as 1537, not only for the medal collection (one of the first documented in France) but also for the collections of images with which, according to his contemporaries, he would bring ancient Rome back to life. We therefore understand the documentary interest of this book: according to a later testimony, Du Choul also owned rare shells, and other objects purchased at a high price, which shows that his collections took on the appearance of a cabinet of curiosities, as it is generally represented for the seventeenth century.
The whole consisted of printed books, literary manuscripts (including perhaps a Florentine Boccaccio of the fifteenth century), prints, drawings, coins, medals and plaques, gems and shells.

Full title:
Discorso del S. Guglielmo Choul gentilhuomo Lionese, consigliero del Re, & Presidente delle montagne del Delfinato, sopra la Castrametatione, et Bagni antichi de i Greci, et Romani. Con l’aggiunta della figura del campo romano. Et una Informatione della militia Turchesca, & de gli habiti de soldati Turchi, scritta da M. Francesco Sansovino.
A Gli Illustrissimi, et Eccellentissimi Signori, il S. Hieronimo Zane, Cavliere & Procuratore di S. Marco, Capitano Generale dell'armata, et il S. Sforza Pallavicino, Marchese di Corte Maggiore, Gouernator General dell'armi della Republica Venetiana
In Vinegia, presso Altobello Salicato. 1582.

Lot details
Object
Book
Number of Books
1
Subject
History, Militaria
Author/ Illustrator
Guillaume du Choul
Book Title
Discorso… sopra la Castrametatione, et Bagni antichi de i Greci, et Romani
Condition
Good
Publication year oldest item
1582
Edition
Illustrated Edition
Language
Italian
Original language
No
Publisher
In Vinegia, presso Altobello Salicato
Binding/ Material
Half leather
Extras
tipped in plates
Number of pages
232
Dimensions
176×122 mm
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