Borelli / Bernoulli - De motu animalium - 1743

Description
Borelli / Bernoulli - De motu animalium - 1743
Astronomy, Biology, Natural History, Science (general) - Quantity: 1 - tipped in plates - Book

Mechanics of Gallileo Galilei.
Luxurious edition of the work of the mathematician and astronomer Giovanni Alfonso Borelli. In the work, «on trouve [...] le germe de la théorie des mouvements des satellites de Jupiter» (Brunet I, 1113).

Famous vast scientific treatise, in which the principles of mechanics are applied for the first time to animals; the starting point of the innovative theory is Gallileo’s mechanics. The first part presents the analysis of the skeletal structure as a system of levers (plates I-X, vol. I), of motion in the various environmental means (running, swimming, flying) and of the mechanisms of muscle contraction.

It is a monument dedicated to the study of the movement of muscles and their functions. The edition presented here contains new illustrations and, finally, an important treatise by the mathematician and physicist Bernoulli on the same subject. A pupil of Galileo and a disciple of Harvey, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli (1608-1679) applied the laws of mechanics to body movements; he showed that the bones of the limbs act as levers and that the muscles that move them must be considered like motors. For him, other functions such as digestion, breathing and blood circulation also obey purely mechanical and mathematical laws, the rhythm of which shows through numbered, sometimes very complex diagrams.

Borelli provides the first demonstration of the impossibility of human muscular flight and, analysing the movements of fish, outlines the first submarine boat projects (tabula decimo quarta, vol. I). The second part involves the "spiritual" sphere, to analyse its links with organic circumstances. Borelli considers the nervous system as a network of tube-like channels containing an inert fluid, whose undulations transmit stimuli in a centripetal and centrifugal sense.

Christina of Sweden and the Piarists facilitated the granting of the imprimatur to "De Motu", which otherwise would not have been easy, given the clearly Galilean and materialistic character of its assumptions.

Coeval marbled binding, full calfskin with gold titles on a faux label and golden decorations on the spine. Red edges, decorated endpapers, signs of wear, in good overall condition.
2 parts in 1 volume. Pp. [2], 45, [9], 228, [18] + 1 engraved frontispiece and 14 tipped-in plates; [4], 270, [14] + 5 tipped-in plates. 1 frontispiece and 19 tipped-in plates numbered I-XIX engraved in copper and folded, browning.

Giovanni Alfonso Borelli (Naples, 1608 – Rome, 1679) was an Italian mathematician, astronomer, physiologist and philosopher. He was a multifaceted scholar, promulgator of Galilean doctrines and had the merit of applying the mathematical method to biological problems. He was a member of the Accademia del Cimento and teacher of Marcello Malpighi and Lorenzo Bellini.

Johann I Bernoulli or Jean I Bernoulli (July 27, 1667 – January 1, 1748) was a Swiss mathematician, one of the most important scientists of the Bernoulli family, younger brother of Jakob, the founder of the family. He taught the great mathematician Euler and is known for his contributions to infinitesimal calculus. An asteroid, 2034 Bernoulli, has been named after the Bernoulli family.

Full title and authors:
JOH. ALPHONSI BORELLI
Neapolitani Matheseos Profefforis DE MOTU ANIMALIUM PARS PRIM [- secunda]. Aeditio Nova a plurimis mendis repurgata
AC DISSERTATIONIBUS PHYSICO MECHANICIS DE MOTU MUSCULORUM ET DE EFFERVESCENTIA ET FERMENTATIONE CLARISSIMI VIRI
JOH. BERNOULLII MATHESEOS PROFESSORIS BASILEENSIS Aucta & ornata
HAGÆ COMITUM Apud PETRUM GOSSE MDCCXLIII
Borelli Giovanni Alfonso
[Johann Bernoulli, Giovanni Posche]

Lot details
Object
Book
Number of Books
1
Subject
Astronomy, Biology, Natural History, Science (general)
Author/ Illustrator
Borelli / Bernoulli
Book Title
De motu animalium
Condition
Good
Publication year oldest item
1743
Edition
Illustrated Edition
Language
Latin
Original language
Yes
Publisher
HAGÆ COMITUM Apud PETRUM GOSSE MDCCXLIII
Binding/ Material
Leather
Extras
tipped in plates
Number of pages
610
Dimensions
223×179 mm
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