Mechanics of Gallileo Galilei
Luxurious edition of the work of the mathematician and astronomer Giovanni Alfonso Borelli. In the work "on trouve [...] le germe de la théorie des mouvements des satellites de Jupiter" (Brunet I, 1113).
Famous vast scientific treatise in which the principles of mechanics are applied to animals for the first time; the starting point of the innovative theory is Gallileo's mechanics. The first part presents the analysis of the skeletal structure as a system of levers (tables I-X, vol. I), of the motion in the various environmental means (running, swimming, flight) and of the mechanisms of muscle contraction.
It is a monument dedicated to the study of the movement of muscles and their functions. The edition presented here contains new figures and, finally, an important treatise by the mathematician and physicist Bernoulli on the same topic. Pupil of Galileo and disciple of Harvey, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli (1608-1679) applied the laws of mechanics to the movements of the body; shows that the bones of the limbs act as levers and that the muscles that move them must be regarded as a kind of motor. For him also other functions such as digestion, respiration and blood circulation obey purely mechanical and mathematical laws, the rhythm of which shows through numbered, sometimes very complex diagrams.
Borelli provides the first demonstration of the impossibility of human muscular flight and, by analyzing the movements of fish, outlines the first submarine boat projects (tabula tentimo quarta, vol. I). The second part involves the "spiritual" sphere to analyze its links with organic circumstances. Borelli considers the nervous system as a network of tubular channels containing an inert fluid, whose undulations transmit stimuli in a centripetal and centrifugal direction.
Christina of Sweden and the Order of Piarists facilitated the granting of the imprimatur to "De Motu", which otherwise would not have been easy, given the clearly Galilean and materialistic character of its presuppositions.
Contemporary binding in full marbled calfskin with gold titles on a false gusset on the back and golden decorations on the compartments. Red cuts, looks in decorated paper, signs of wear, good overall condition.
2 parts in 1 volume. Pp. , 45, , 228,  + 1 engraved antiporta and 14 plates outside the text; , 270,  + 5 plates outside the text. 1 front door and 19 plates outside the text numbered I-XIX engraved in copper and folded brownings.
Giovanni Alfonso Borelli (Naples, 1608 - Rome, 1679) was an Italian mathematician, astronomer, physiologist and philosopher. He was a multifaceted scholar, promulgator of Galilean doctrines and had the merit of applying the mathematical method to biological problems. He was a member of the Accademia del cimento and teacher of Marcello Malpighi and Lorenzo Bellini.
Johann I Bernoulli or Jean I Bernoulli (Basel, July 27, 1667 - Basel, January 1, 1748) was a Swiss mathematician, one of the most important scientists of the Bernoulli family, younger brother of Jakob, the progenitor of the family. He educated the great mathematician Euler and is known for his contributions to calculus. An asteroid, 2034 Bernoulli, has been dedicated to the Bernoulli family.
Full Title and Authors:
JOH. ALPHONSI BORELLI
Neapolitani Matheseos Profefforis DE MOTU ANIMALIUM PARS PRIM [- secunda]. Aeditio Nova a plurimis mendis repurgata
AC DISSERTATIONIBUS PHYSICO MECHANICIS DE MOTU MUSCULORUM ET DE EFFERVESCENTIA ET FERMENTATIONE CLARISSIMI VIRI
JOH. BERNOULLII MATHESEOS PROFESSORIS BASILEENSIS Aucta & ornata
HAGÆ COMITUM Apud PETRUM GOSSE MDCCXLIII
Borelli Giovanni Alfonso
[Johann Bernoulli, Giovanni Posche]
- Number of Books
- Astronomy, Biology, Natural History, Science (general)
- Author/ Illustrator
- Borelli / Bernoulli
- Book Title
- De motu animalium
- Publication year oldest item
- Illustrated Edition
- Original language
- HAGÆ COMITUM Apud PETRUM GOSSE MDCCXLIII
- Binding/ Material
- tipped in plates
- Number of pages
- 223×179 mm