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Netherlands - Weird CAPTAIN WESTERLING Memoirs - 1st edition!!!! - Guerilla Warfare - Depot Special Troops - Westerner - WITH letter - 1952

Netherlands - Weird CAPTAIN WESTERLING Memoirs - 1st edition!!!! - Guerilla Warfare - Depot Special Troops - Westerner - WITH letter - 1952

Up for auction is a rare 1st edition of the memories of the infamous Westerling and his special forces. Very confronting book about fighting the Indonesian independence warriors and his previous actions. I will let the photo's do the talking, it includes an original letter from Westerling that was found in the book with some other documents including a newspaper article.

Great and rare memories of a extremely debated commander in military history!

Indonesian independence war
Raymond Pierre Paul Westerling (31 August 1919 – 26 November 1987) was a Greek-Dutch military officer of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army. He orchestrated a counter guerrilla in Sulawesi during the Indonesian National Revolution after World War II and participated in a coup attempt against the Indonesian government in January 1950, a month after the official transfer of sovereignty. Both actions were denounced as war crimes by the Indonesian authorities. Born in the Ottoman Empire, his nickname was "The Turk", however Westerling was actually of Greek ethnic background.

The Indonesian National Revolution (Indonesian: Revolusi Nasional Indonesia) began shortly after Japan's capitulation on August 15, 1945, followed by the proclamation of the Republic of Indonesia on August 17, 1945, and ended with the transfer of sovereignty over the Dutch East Indies colony ( excluding Western New Guinea) by the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United States of Indonesia in December 1949. The creation of those United States of Indonesia, however, only partially met the demands of the insurgents who had full independence proclaimed.

Shortly after the Japanese surrender on August 15, 1945, hostilities broke out between Indonesian nationalists and British Commonwealth forces who had taken strategic positions in the archipelago. In October 1945 the battle for Surabaya broke out, a city that the nationalists had to give up after bloody fighting.

No Dutch armed forces were involved in this battle. In March 1946 Dutch troops were allowed in Indonesia to take over the British positions.

The Dutch government did not recognize the Republic of Indonesia as an independent state, but regarded it as a rebellious movement within the colony of the Dutch East Indies. It should be noted that, in the Linggadjati agreement to be discussed below, the Republic had recognized the sovereignty of the Netherlands during a transitional period. In fact, it is not a war but an insurrection. In that same agreement, the Netherlands had de facto recognized the Republic.

In traditional Dutch historiography and in the Dutch media this episode is often referred to by the term 'police actions' used by the then government (also called 'police actions',[2] Indonesian: Aksi Polisionil). It was the name for two offensive operations lasting several weeks by Dutch armed forces during the Indonesian National Revolution. These operations took place on the islands of Java and Sumatra from July 21 to August 5, 1947 (first action, "Operation Product") and December 19, 1948 to January 5, 1949 (second action, "Operation Crow") and their objective was to restore Dutch authority over certain areas.[3]

The police actions are therefore not the same as - but are part of - the Indonesian Independence Struggle. This revolt mainly had the character of a guerrilla of the Indonesian nationalists against the Dutch troops. The hostilities lasted until the cease-fire in the night of 10 to 11 August 1949. In some places there was fighting afterwards, as a result of which Dutch soldiers were also killed.

During the almost four-year military presence of the Netherlands in Indonesia, approximately 5,000[1] Dutch soldiers lost their lives, about half of whom were killed in combat. The rest died as a result of illness and accidents. Tens of thousands of people were killed among the (Indonesian) Dutch civilian population, as well as among Moluccans and Chinese, as a result of acts of violence by Indonesian nationalists. On the Indonesian side, at least approximately 97,000 people were killed as a result of Dutch military action, both soldiers and civilians.[4] In addition, there was a plurality of violence between Indonesians themselves. The Madiun affair has already killed 35,000 communists.

After 1949, the struggle (apart from the coup of ex-Captain Westerling in 1950) flared up once more. That was during the hostilities preceding the handover of Dutch New Guinea in 1962.

Type Guerilla Warfare - Depot Special Troops - Westerner - WITH letter
Country of Origin Netherlands
Army Unit Weird CAPTAIN WESTERLING Memoirs - 1st edition!!!!
Year of Manufacture 1952
Original/ Replica Original
Condition Good condition
Comes with certificate of authenticity No
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