Arnold N - 3680-016 - Passenger carriage - Plan-D 1st/2nd class Turquoise carriage - NS
Arnold N - 3680-016 - Passenger carriage - Plan-D 3rd class Turquoise carriage - NS
Plan D - Company number NS AB 7706 The Netherlands, 21-05-1952
This model has no NS logo, see photos.
Plan D is the type designation for a series of drawn carriages that were used by the Dutch Railways between 1950 and 1987.
In 1949, the Dutch Railways decided to supplement the equipment park, which had been severely depleted by the war, with seventy D train carriages that were given the type designation Plan D. The order with Werkspoor and Beijnes included twenty first and second class coaches (ABs), forty third class coaches (Cs) and ten coaches with catering and baggage compartments (RDs).
The box construction largely corresponded to that of the spherical carriages built before 1940. The floors, which were previously made of wood, were now made of ribbed sheet material, filled with cork. By using this ribbed material, various transverse structures could be omitted. The bogies were also of a different design, originating from the pre-war design type "IT", now type "S".
The exterior of the carriage was changed by the installation of gutters and electric tail lights. The previously used marker lights were retained because of the international deployment. The carriages also had a compartment less than the old ball-shaped carriages.
The carriages were put into service from 1950 in the then new turquoise color scheme. Pulled by the new electric locomotives of the series 1100, 1200 and 1300, which were delivered in the same colour, they were used for express trains. After a few years, the infectious turquoise was replaced by the color Berlin blue, which they kept until the end.
With the exception of the RD's, these coaches went out of service in the period 1974-1978. Due to increased demand for capacity on the Amsterdam – Brussels connection in the early 1970s, after a successful test drive in 1974, 8 RDs were converted into control cars for Benelux trains in push-pull operation. In this capacity, these coaches served until 1987, when they were replaced by the newly built coaches in yellow-red trim based on the ICR design.
Two carriages of Plan D have been preserved at the Nederlands Spoorwegmuseum, one carriage at the Association for the Preservation of Railway Material Haarlem and three carriages at the Veluwe Stoomtrein Maatschappij.
Photos are part of the description
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