Johann Clauberg - Opera physica: id est, Physica contracta, Disputationes physicae, ... Metaphysica de ente. - 1664
En Amstelodami, Apud Danielem Elzevierium, 1664.
In 8º [205 x 163 mm]
Folio numbering: [8 sheets], 470 pp. [4 sheets], 111 pp. Good condition, well decorated book, good paper quality, good printer.
Clean pages. Marginal notes in the form of lines (see photos), and a slight trace of an old water stain on the top, accentuated in a few pages at the end. Some slight stains (foxing).
Original binding in good condition, full marbled leather with normal signs of wear.
Ex libris stamp: Antoine de Mailly, Marquis of Châteaurenaud (he was secretary of Voltaire).
This book is scarce and rare to find in shops, last auctioned in London (Sotheby’s) in 1973. It doesn’t appear in Palau or the Collective Catalogue of Spain’s Bibliographic Heritage.
The work is a commentary on the Meditations of Descartes. It contains 2 works:
1st: Johannis Claubergii Physica Quibus Rerum Corporearum Vis & Natura, Mentis Ad Corpus Relatae Proprietates, Denique Corporis Ac Mentis Arcta & Admirabilis in Homine Conjunctio Explicantur.
2nd: Iohannis Claubergii metaphysica de ente, quae rectiùs ontosophia : aliarum disciplinarum, ipsius quoque jurisprudentiae & literarum studiosis accomodata.
Clauberg was one of the earliest teachers of the new doctrines in Germany and an exact and methodical commentator on his masters writings. His theory of the connection between the soul and the body is in some respects analogous to that of Malebranche; but he is not therefore to be regarded as a true forerunner of Occasionalism, as he uses Occasion for the stimulus which directly produces a mental phenomenon, without postulating the intervention of God. His view of the relation of God to his creatures is held to foreshadow the pantheism of Spinoza. All creatures exist only through the continuous creative energy of the Divine Being, and are no more independent of his will than are our thoughts independent of us. Or rather less, for there are thoughts which force themselves upon us whether we will or not. For metaphysics Clauberg suggested the names ontosophy or ontology, the latter being afterwards adopted by Wolff. Clauberg also devoted considerable attention to German languages, and his research in this field attracted Leibnitz's favourable attention.