Antoine-François de Fourcroy - Elementos de historia natural y de química por M. de Fourcroy. - 1793/1795
Segovia: por D. Antonio Espinosa, 1793. 4º (21 x 15 cm) VOLUME I: LXIV, 462 pp. VOLUME II: , IV, 504 pp. VOLUME III: , IV, 451 pp.,  folded engraving sheets. Good condition. Complete work. Laid paper, clean sheets. Good printer. Some gaps and stains on a few sheets, then a few acidified sheets (?) (yellowish tone) in the third volume. Curious note on the 1st volume’s flyleaf from a former owner mentioning that he paid 60 reals for this work (about € 400 today). Original marbled leather binding with some wear on the spine of Volume I. The Spanish edition is scarce for sale. Very few copies were printed.
Antoine François Fourcroy or de Fourcroy , born 15th June 1755 in Paris and died 16th December 1809 in Paris, is a French physician and chemist. A collaborator of Antoine Lavoisier, he was an apostle and historian of the Chemical Revolution. Also a politician, he was appointed by Napoleon Bonaparte to the Council of State in 1799 and to the General Directorate of Public Instruction in 1802. He gradually rose in the ranks of the intellectual hierarchy: he was noted by the chemist Jean-Baptiste Bucquet (1746-1780), professor of chemistry at the Faculty of Medicine in Paris, and attended his classes. In 1784, he was chosen to succeed Pierre Joseph Macquer (1718–1784) as lecturer of chemistry at the Jardin du Roi, supported by Buffon, who preferred him to Berthollet. His courses earned him a great reputation.
In 1792, he was elected fourth deputy for Paris at the National Convention. When Turreau asks him for a gas capable of killing a few hundred Vendean at a time locked in an enclosed place, such as a church, Fourcroy replies that this gas does not exist. The means used will offer very few results and will be abandoned. 25th July 1793.
Apart from his work on chemical nomenclature, Fourcroy is considered to have been involved in the discovery of iridium. Along with Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin, in 1803 he observed that after dissolving platinum in aqua regia an insoluble and hard to melt residue appeared. However, they failed to obtain a sufficient amount of this new material, which was discovered by Smithson Tennant in 1804.
Along with Berthollet, he was one of the first to convert to the views of Antoine Lavoisier, with whom he collaborated drafting Méthode de nomenclature chimique in 1787. His name appears in numerous writings on chemistry, physiology and pathology, alone or as a co-author, but he devoted himself mostly to his career as a lecturer and administrator. However, he was one of the promoters of ‘animal chemistry’, or biological chemistry. He stood out in this branch along with his protégé, friend and collaborator Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin, as can be seen in this work.