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Henri Emilien Rousseau (1875-1933) - Paysage provençale : Maison avec vue sur la Sainte Victoire

Orientalist school

Provençal landscape: "House with a view of the Sainte Victoire"
Very beautiful work on panel in a very beautiful gold leaf frame.
Dimensions with frame: 16 X 19cm
Private collection since 1950.

Henri Rousseau said Henri Émilien Rousseau, born December 17, 1875 in Cairo and died March 28, 1933 in Aix-en-Provence, is a French orientalist painter.

After being received at the polytechnic school, as his father had imperatively requested, Henri turned to painting, which he studied in Paris under the direction of the firefighter painter Jean-Léon Gérôme, then very well known, and who had met his father in Egypt, on a joint trip to Sinai, and had subsequently become a friend of his. Following his training, Henri won the second Grand Prix de Rome in 1900, then a travel grant at the Salon des Artistes Français. He then traveled through Belgium, Holland, North Africa, Spain and Italy where he admired the great masters (Rubens, Rembrandt, Diego Vélasquez, Murillo, Titien, Raphaël, etc.) Particularly an admirer of painters Corot and Eugène Delacroix, he quickly distanced himself from the academic classicism of Gérôme.

After this journey, he settled in Versailles and set up his studio at the Villa des Arts in Paris. In 1919, he and his wife moved to Aix en Provence where he preferred the Mediterranean light with the idea of treating their eldest daughter with tuberculosis. Promoted Knight of the Legion of Honor for the arts, he became a known painter in the region. All his life, he was therefore able to provide for the expenses of his large family.

Traveling painter he devoted himself, often traveling on horseback, to Tunisia, where he had kept relatives, to Algeria and especially to Morocco, where his brother Georges, an officer of native affairs guided him and hosted him, partly during the Rif War. In France, Provence and the Camargue were his favorite places, even if he was not insensitive to the light of Normandy, the homeland of his wife.

Its success was accompanied by numerous exhibitions in Paris, Brussels, Stockholm, and Marseille.

Evening at the gates of Meknes, 1925 (Musée des beaux-arts de Mulhouse)
While painting in oil the large canvases that he sold and from which he lived, Henri often practiced the heightened design (combining charcoal and gouache) which he preferred to watercolour. Alongside his large oil paintings, there are several hundred oil studies by him, often taken from life, and which some prefer to his large works. He also left many drawings.

His favorite themes remain mainly orientalist with in particular his riders (he was passionate about horses), his falconers1, fantasias, gates of fortified cities, and portraits of "caïds" as well as other more Western themes such as landscapes of Brittany, of Île-de-France, herds of Camargue (12% of its important production) and landscapes of Provence. In addition to his paintings, he also executed around twenty wall decorations for mansions, 250 illustrations intended for publication and numerous portraits (Marshal Lyautey, the Sultan of Morocco, etc.). He was also recognized as one of the best painters of horses.

With a solid background in design and painting, thanks to Gérôme, he quickly moved away from his classical academicism, while remaining at a distance from the schools then in vogue. Moreover, while being an orientalist, he refused oriental exoticism.

Henri taught his children to follow him in discovering the light of landscapes by tilting their heads in such a way as to free their gaze from spontaneous intellectual recognition that drowned out their sensitivity to colours.

An association was founded to defend his work.

Two retrospective exhibitions took place in 1997 in Toulouse (Musée des Augustins)3 and in 2007 in Aix-en-Provence (Museum of Tapestries)4.

The municipal museum of Pays Vrais in Lavaur devotes an exhibition to Henri Rousseau from May 16 to September 20, 2015.

The museums of Buenos Aires, Granet in Aix-en-Provence, Réattu in Arles, and a dozen others hold some of his works.

Entrance to the Village, 1921 - Ger Eenens Collection The Netherlands
Entrance to the Village, 1921, oil on canvas, 98.5 × 147.3 cm, Ger Eenens Collection the Netherlands.

From Delacroix to Kandinsky, Orientalism in Europe:
Royal Museums of Fine Arts in Brussels (15 October 2010-9 January 2011)
Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung in Munich (January 28-August 8, 2011)
Museums of Fine Arts in Marseille (The old charity) (May 27-August 28, 2011.

Object Painting
Artist Henri Emilien Rousseau (1875-1933)
Title of artwork Paysage provençale : Maison avec vue sur la Sainte Victoire
Period 1910-1919
Technique Oil on panel
Signature Hand signed
Condition Excellent condition
Total dimensions 10.5×13.5×0 cm
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