Kingdom of Spain
Felipe V (1700-1746) Real de a 1. Minted in Mexico in the year 1735. Assayer: MF
PHILIP V D G HISPAN ET IND REX (Philip V by the grace of God King of Spain and the Indies) around the shield crowned with castles and lions with the Bourbon shield between MF (assayer) and I (value).
VTRA QUE VNUM (mint) 1735 (mint) (one and the other are one, referring to the union of the 2 worlds, the known and the new, America), around 2 balls that represent the new and old world crowned between two crowned columns with the legends PLVS VLTRA
Assayers: MANUEL DE LEÓN AND FRANCISCO DE LA PEÑA Y FLORES
Weight: 3.44 grams
Beautiful patina and good reliefs.
Pitting on the obverse possibly due to marine erosions
See the images for a better impression
(Versailles, France, 1683-Madrid, 1746) King of Spain (1700-1746). Second son of the great dauphin Luis de Francia and María Ana Cristina de Baviera, he was designated heir to the Crown of Spain by the last Spanish king of the Habsburg dynasty, Carlos II. The coronation of Felipe de Anjou in 1700 marked the advent of the Bourbon dynasty to the Spanish throne. In its first stage, the reign of Felipe V was supervised by his grandfather, Louis XIV of France, through a clique of French officials headed by the princess of the Ursines. This circumstance outraged the Spanish high nobility and oligarchy and created a climate of malaise that was complicated when Archduke Carlos of Austria began to enforce his claims to the Spanish Crown, with the support of the former kingdoms of the Crown of Aragon, because the Catalans maintained their resentment towards the French as a result of the loss of Roussillon and the trans-Pyrenean Cerdanya. After marrying Maria Luisa Gabriela of Savoy, Felipe went to Naples in 1702 to fight the Austrians. Shortly after, he returned to Spain to face the attacks of the Anglo-Dutch coalition that supported the Austrian archduke and that preceded the outbreak of the War of Succession in 1704. The long international conflict in Spain acquired the character of a civil war in which they faced the old Crowns of Castile and Aragon. In 1707, the situation became critical for the Spanish sovereign, given that, although he had obtained some important victories, he lost the support of Louis XIV, who had to withdraw from the contest as a result of the setbacks suffered on the continent. However, regardless of the alternatives on the battlefield, the death of the Austrian Emperor Joseph I and the coronation of the pretending archduke as Charles VI of Austria in 1711 turned things around radically. If the origin of the conflict had been the danger of a union between France and Spain, despite the clause that prevented it in Carlos II's will, the new situation gave rise to the British and Dutch stopping supporting Austria, also because of geostrategic reasons, and they negotiated with Spain the treaties of Utrecht, of 1713, and of Rastadt, of the following year, by which Felipe V ceded his sovereignty over the Netherlands, Menorca, Gibraltar, the colony of Sacramento and other European possessions, to the while renouncing his succession rights in France, in exchange for which he was recognized as King of Spain. The Catalans, who in the meantime had continued the war on their own, finally capitulated in 1715. The monarch then undertook a profound administrative reform of the State of a centralist nature, whose most significant lines were the strengthening of the Council of Castile and the Decree of Nueva Planta de la Crown of Aragon, by which it dissolved its main institutions and reduced its autonomy to a minimum. After being widowed, he immediately married Isabel de Farnesio, who became his main adviser and, after separating the French group, he took the reins of power with the purpose of ensuring the future of his children, Carlos and Felipe. Through Cardinal Alberoni, he promoted the campaigns in Italy and the Pyrenees with the intention of recovering the territories lost as a result of the war, but the British intervention prevented his purpose. In 1723, on the death of the French regent, Felipe V abdicated in favor of his son Louis in the hope of finally reigning in France. However, the death of Luis I that same year from smallpox brought him back to the Spanish throne. This second stage of his reign was marked by the progress of his mental illness and the control that his wife exercised over the affairs of the kingdom. The wars of the Polish and Austrian Succession originated the family pacts with France in 1733 and 1743, which clarified the future of the children of Isabella of Farnesio, by assuring the infant Carlos the throne of Spain and the infant Felipe the Milanese, Parma and plasencia. The occupation of this territory led to the naval blockade by Great Britain, whose serious economic consequences for Spain did not come to see King Felipe.