Estados Unidos de América - Hermoso uniforme de la 12a División Blindada de la Segunda Guerra Mundial de EE. UU. + Agrupación de - Estrella de bronce grabada - Chaqueta + Pantalones - Nombrado. - 1944

Descripción
Estados Unidos de América - Hermoso uniforme de la 12a División Blindada de la Segunda Guerra Mundial de EE. UU. + Agrupación de - Estrella de bronce grabada - Chaqueta + Pantalones - Nombrado. - 1944
Original - En buen estado

Great uniform and medal grouping belonging to Staff Sergeant BLAINE W. Smith who earned the BRONZE STAR and other medals. These items were found together by me. The grouping consists of its NAME ENGRAVED bronze star, his uniform jacket having the VII Corps and 12th ARMORED DIVISION patch (this unit is famous for its actions during the Battle of the Bulge/Bastogne), his uniform pants and his WW2 Victory medal. So, the grouping in detail:

(1) The Ike Jacket Uniform, size 38L (!), large size, with an unit patch of the VII Corps and 12th Armored Patch, both famous from their participation in the liberation of Europe (see below). The jacket has originally applied staff sergeant patches, confirmed by the UV test, and is in nice condition. It has a manufacturer tag inside the pocket, showing the jacket was made in 1944. The jacket has a ribbon bar of the European Campaign, the WW2 Victory Medal, the American Campaign Medal, the Bronze Star medal and the Good Conduct medal.The 4 service bars indicat Staff Sgt Blaine With spent 2 years in Europe, consistent with his landing in Europe in 1944 until the majority of the US forces left Europe. The ike jacket is complete with the original pants (pants dated 1945) Unfortunately, the jacket is not named, he didn't write his name in the jacket.

(2) His name engraved BRONZE STAR valor medal, with the correct WW2 type of inscriptop.

(3) His WW2 Victory medal in great condition


History of the 12th Armored Division
The 12th Armored Division was an armoured division of the United States Army in World War II. It fought in the European Theater of Operations in France, Germany and Austria, between November 1944 and May 1945. The German Army called the 12th Armored Division the "Suicide Division"[1] for its fierce defensive actions during Operation Nordwind in France, and they were nicknamed the "Mystery Division"[2] when they were temporarily transferred to the command of the Third Army under General George S. Patton, Jr., to cross the Rhine River. The 12th Armored Division was one of only ten U.S. divisions (and only one of two U.S. armored divisions) during World War II that had African-American combat companies integrated into the division.

After completing training the division left Abilene and departed from Camp Shanks, New York, for the European Theater of Operations on 20 September 1944. It landed at Liverpool, England on 2 October 1944. While awaiting replacement armour which had been borrowed by the U.S. Third Army, the 12th was sent to Tidworth Barracks[16] in Wiltshire, UK. It crossed the English Channel from Southampton, arrived at Le Havre, France, on 11 November 1944 and then traveled up the Seine River to Rouen to join the Seventh Army under Lieutenant General Alexander Patch. Advance elements met the enemy near Weisslingen in Alsace on 5 December, and the entire division moved against the Maginot Line fortifications two days later.[17]

In its advance, Rohrbach-lès-Bitche and towns surrounding Bettviller were liberated by 12 December 1944, and Utweiler, Germany was seized on 21 December. After a short period of rehabilitation and maintenance, the 12th rolled against the Rhine bridgehead at Herrlisheim that the Germans had established as part of their Operation Nordwind offensive. In order to seal the Battle of the Bulge, units of the Seventh Army were diverted north to assist the Third Army in capturing Bastogne. Due to this, the remainder of the Seventh Army, including the 12th Armored Division, was stretched thin holding a 126 miles (203 km) long front line with only eight divisions.[18]

German defenders repulsed two division attacks in the most violent fighting in the history of the division, during 8 to 10 January and 16 to 17 January 1945. The division's attacks at Herrlisheim failed to use combined-arms tactics and were defeated in detail, resulting in two tank and two armoured infantry battalions taking heavy losses. Poor tactics were compounded by terrain that was almost tabletop-flat, offering the German defenders excellent fields of fire. However, enemy counterattacks failed also, in part because of the firm leadership of the commander of Combat Command B, Colonel Charles Bromley, who declared his headquarters expendable and ordered all personnel in the headquarters to prepare a hasty defense.[d][18]

The division was subsequently relieved by the U.S. 36th Infantry Division. The 12th Armored Division suffered over 1,700 battle casualties during the fighting in and around Herrlisheim. As a consequence, when African-American soldiers who were in non-combat positions were able to volunteer to become combat troops, Major General Roderick R. Allen was one of only ten division commanders who allowed them to join the combat ranks.[3] After recovering from the bruising experience at Herrlisheim, the 12th went over to the offensive and attacked south from Colmar, after being assigned to the French First Army under General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny.[19][20] In a lightning drive, the 12th effected junction with French forces at Rouffach, on 5 February, sealing the Colmar Pocket and ending German resistance in the Vosges Mountains. Except for elements acting as a protective screen, the division withdrew to the St. Avold area for rest and rehabilitation. The division was attached to the Third Army under General George S. Patton, Jr., on 17 March 1945 through its crossing of the Rhine on 28 March.[16] The soldiers were ordered to remove their identifying unit insignias and vehicle markings were painted over,[21] disguising the fact that Patton had an additional tank division under his command. Thus the 12th was given the nickname the "Mystery Division".[2] The attack resumed on 18 March 1945.


History VII Corps
VII Corps was reactivated at Fort McClellan, Alabama 25 November 1940 and participated in the Louisiana Maneuvers staged as the US Army prepared for World War II. In late December 1941, VII Corps HQ was moved to San Jose, California as part of the Western Defense Command and as it continued to train and prepare for deployment.[4] Its first return to continental Europe took place on D-Day in June 1944, as one of the two assault corps for the U.S. First Army during Operation Overlord, targeting Utah Beach via amphibious assault. For Overlord, the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions were attached to VII Corps.[5] After the Battle of Normandy the airborne units were assigned to the newly created XVIII Airborne Corps. Subsequently, VII Corps participated in many battles during the advance across France; this included taking 25,000 German prisoners during the Battle of the Mons Pocket in early September 1944.[6] The corps subsequently took part in the invasion of Germany until the surrender of the Third Reich in May 1945. The corps was inactivated in 1946.

Battle of Normandy

Major General J. Lawton Collins, VII Corps, describes the taking of Cherbourg to General Omar Bradley, First Army.
For the Normandy Operation, VII Corps was part of 21st Army Group under the command of General Bernard Montgomery and the U.S. First Army commanded by Lieutenant General Courtney Hodges. The Corps was commanded by Major General J. Lawton Collins. VII Corps led the initial assault of Operation Cobra, the First Army-led offensive as part of the breakout of the Normandy area. Its success is credited with changing the war in France from high-intensity infantry combat to rapid manoeuvre warfare.

Fantastic original WW2 US Uniform grouping with a great historic value, and an interesting project to further research. See also my other interesting WW2 items that I offer for auction on catawiki!

Detalles del lote
Tipo
Estrella de bronce grabada - Chaqueta + Pantalones - Nombrado.
País de origen
Estados Unidos de América
Unidad del ejército
Hermoso uniforme de la 12a División Blindada de la Segunda Guerra Mundial de EE. UU. + Agrupación de
Año de fabricación
1944
Original / réplica
Original
Estado
En buen estado
Viene con certificado de autenticidad
No
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