Ogawa Kazumasa (photographer, printer, editor)
A Model Japanese Villa. Tokyo: Ogawa Kazumasa Photo Studio, 1907 (Meiji 40). 3rd reissue identical to 1st (1899, Meiji 32) and 2nd (Meiji 37=1904) editions.
Large (26,5 x 37,7 cm) oblong in-4°, 17 p. (title, 15 plates, colophon). Crepe paper covered boards, gold speckled title label pasted on front cover, deep purple silk thread ties, 19 photos reproduced on 15 hand-coloured collotype plates protected with a tissue guard captioned in English, gold and silver speckled end and fly leaves. Two of the 15 plates feature three subjects, the other 13 have a single collotype image each. Both the collotype plates as well as the binding being handmade by the team of Ogawa's Studio, even copies of the same edition may slightly vary in the composition of plates.
Condition: Overall fine. Two minor flaws: slight discolouring on three edges of the front-cover, two rips on the blank colophon and fly paper at the back (for both, see photgraphs). Inside flawless, in all respects. A beautiful copy and collector's item.
Weight: 800 gr.
This grand work was hand coloured, and depicts the Japanese villa from the outside, but mostly from the interior. especially the surrounding gardens. The photographs give an overview of the splendid Japanese country residence of Okuma Shigenobu, then Prime Minister of Japan (1898 and 1914-6) and founder of Waseda University. The interior views show elaborate screens, art objects, architecture of rooms and buildings, grand halls, guest rooms, the alcove, and several other views of the house and its entrance, with horse drawn carriage. Many Jinrikisha men sit besides their vehicles as their masters are being entertained. Also featurings views of the lavish flower and manicured gardens, rock gardens, miniature lake, rivers, chrysanthemums and other prize flowers of which Okuma was a reputed connoisseur.
Delicately hand coloured with great skill, expert composition for each photograph. An excellent example of 19th century Japanese architecture, garden and photography. (See Baxley: http://www.baxleystamps.com/litho/ogawa/ogawa_villa.shtml)
Ogawa Kazumasa (1860-1929) is considered a pioneer in the development of photography and photomechanical printing in Japan. In 1882 Ogawa studied portrait photography and the dry plate process in Boston. He also studied collotype printing with the Albert Type Company. On his return to Japan in 1884 he opened a photographic studio in Tokyo. In 1889 he started Japan's first photoengraving business, the Ogawa Shashin Seihan-jo (Ogawa Photograph (Plate) Making Shop). This business started with manufacturing half-tone plates and by 1894 added collotype printing. Ogawa published/distributed under the name Ogawa Shashin Seihan-jo and Ogawa Shuppanbu. Beginning in 1889 he served as the editor of the Shashin Shimpo (East Asia's first and Japan's only photographic journal at the time) and Kokka ("National Essence") magazine and printed both using collotype printing for the plates. He was a founding member (1889) of the Nihon Sashinkai (Japan Photographic Society), Japan's first amateur photography association.
Ogawa's contribution to an understanding of Meiji era Japan, which was just then emerging from hundreds of years of seclusion, by the Western world is incalculable. Many photographers were at work in Japan during this period recording views of Meiji Japan and marketing them on a limited basis. Kazumasa Ogawa went far beyond that type of enterprise. Not only was he an accomplished photographer, he was a visionary printer and publisher. Through the use collotype and other photomechanical printing processes, his work in printing brought these wonderful views to the foreign public at "relatively" low cost . (Baxley: http://www.baxleystamps.com/litho/ogawa.shtml)
(Collotype printing is a planographic technique, with prints taken from a gelatine matrix. It is carried out by exposing a negative image onto the light-sensitised gelatine, with greater light exposure encouraging the gelatine to harden and promoting the development of broader and more frequent cracks. Invented in the mid-nineteenth century, the collotype process has always been a specialist one requiring great skill and expense; its use declined during the second half of the twentieth century due to the spread of lithography and much cheaper offset printing, although it is much superior in quality even of the best of the latter.)
- Nombre de livres
- Architecture, Art, Art appliqué (design), Histoire, Livres illustrés, Photographie, Voyages et découvertes
- Auteur/ Illustrateur
- Ogawa Kazumasa
- Titre du livre
- A Model Japanese Villa
- Année de publication de l’ouvrage le plus ancien
- Édition illustrée
- Langue originale
- OGAWA Kazumasa
- Illustrations mise en couleurs à la main
- Nombre de pages
- 265×377 mm