Bergama - Carpet - 170 cm - 150 cm

Bergama - Carpet - 170 cm - 150 cm
Wool on wool - Turkey - Early 20th century

Antique rug, Kurdish nomads that came to West Turkey from the Caucasus in 1917–1920.
Type: Kashim-Ushak. Or Kashim.

These Kashim nomads lift in the Karabakh, Armenia, in the 18th, 19th and 20th century. They are Kurdish nomads.
They knotted rugs which are called Kashim.
They seem to be a continuation of the 17th and 18th century 'Dragon rugs' from the Caucasus.

See examples on Google Images or Battenberg, Doris Eder, Orienttepiche Band I, Kaukazische Teppiche. Page 152 and 153.

The Ottoman empire collapsed in mid 1912 and was followed by the Armenian genocide. (1917).
Kurds that were first promised land in Armenia by the Turkish government, as a reward for their help in the genocide, were later relocated to West Turkey, between Bergama and Ushak.
(This also plays a role in why there is still a conflict between Kurds and the Turkish government in Turkey, somewhat similar to the Dutch government and the Ambonese.)

This explains why some rugs which are made here strongly resemble Caucasian ones, which are actually of Armenian origin.
This is how the term Bergama Kazakh came about. Or Kashim-Ushak.

This rug is one of those. Also knows as Bergama Kazakh. 1918–1920. Of beautiful quality.

Beautiful natural dyes, the blue looks irradiate. Full pile.
Deliberate fading of the base colour, from purplish red (cochineal) to sienna.
Original edges and pristine kilim ends.
Also quite special to use as an art tapestry.

Lot details
170 cm
150 cm
Wool on wool
Country of Origin
Manufacturing period
Early 20th century
Overall in good condition
Rug professionally cleaned
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