Bronze medal, Cardinal Mazarin (1602-1661) in memory of the siege of Casale in 1630.
Obverse: IULIUS CARDINALIS MAZARINUS
Bust of Cardinal right.
Reverse: IN FESTAS ACIES NUTU DIRIMIT
CASALI 1630 and initials D F
Scene with the opposing armies (French and Spanish)
deployed on the field, at the centre Mazarin (soon to be Cardinal) riding towards the Spanish army holding his hat in hand (he managed to negotiate an agreement).
Diameter: approx. 53 mm – Weight: approx. 57.6 g
Edge with hallmark: cornucopia, bronze
Cornucopia: from 1880
Condition: almost UNC
The first version of the medal was by Jean Varin (1596-1672) and was struck after 1642 (Mazarin became Cardinal on 16/12/1641). Most French medals were reproduced using the original dies, but for some, this was not because they had deteriorated or broken, and this is probably the case for Varin's die. This version is a restrike performed after 1880 (cornucopia hallmark) which is a different type. The modifications were the date of 1630, the initials D. F. and a different inscription with some corrected details in the scene on the reverse side.
Artist: Jean Baptiste Dufour (1637-? )
According to "La Medaille au temps de Louis XIV" it appears that all the dies marked D. or D. F. were made by him and were created between 1673 and 1695.
References and biographical notes: - La medaille au temps de Louis XIV (1970)
- Catalogue Général illustré des éditions de la monnaie de Paris, vol. Ier (1977)
- Historie Metallique de Louis XIV
- Medailles sur les principaux evénèments du Regne de Louis le Grand (1702)
- Nominal Value
- Medaglia 'Cardinale Mazzarino, assedio di Casale del 1630'
- Precious metals
- No. of items