Marine 2 day chronometer, n. 2482 - John Bliss & Company, New York - Brass, Steel - Second half 19th century

Description
Marine 2 day chronometer, n. 2482 - John Bliss & Company, New York - Brass, Steel - Second half 19th century
North America

Marine chronometer, belonging to the vessel B/M Montesa (1875)

John Bliss senior was born in 1795 in Norwich Connecticut; it was known that he worked as a jeweller at 180 Water Street, New York, in 1835, when he teamed up with the English watchmaker Edward Creighton. The Bliss & Creighton association operated from 42 Fulton Street, in lower Manhattan, manufacturing and supplying marine instruments and chronometers, until the association was dissolved cumulatively in 1853.

They were the first manufacturers in North America to build chronometers from scratch and designed a balanced scale to improve the average temperature error. John Bliss subsequently took his son (also called John) as a partner in the firm John Bliss & Son, which was changed to John Bliss & Co. following the death of John Senior in 1857. From 1880 to 1929 the business was traded from 128 Fore Street. It moved to 84 Pearl Street until 1956. Their chronometers were located in the 3rd, 6th and 8th places in the Washington Observatory of 1886. They also won the Greenwich Annual Trials 22 times between 1881 and 1914.

During the last two decades of the 19th century, it is known that John Bliss & Co. signed and sold marine chronometers employing movements supplied by Victor Kullberg in London.

They became suppliers of the U.S.A. Navy. And they also manufactured meteorological instruments, the firm closed in 1956.


According to Tony Mercer's Cronometer Makers of the World, the serial number from this Chronometer dates between 1875 and 1880.

Lot details
Object
Marine 2 day chronometer, n. 2482 - John Bliss & Company, New York
Material
Brass, Steel
Designer/ Artist
John Bliss & Company, New York
Manufacturer/ Brand
John Bliss & Company, New York
Estimated Period
Second half 19th century
Country of Origin
North America
Condition
Good condition - used with small signs of aging & blemishes
Dimensions
19×16×16 cm
Weight
1 kg
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