This letter, written Independence Day, 1864 speaks to the perception of a Union Assistant Quartermaster, Horace Garsonall, in Nashville, TN, regarding the troop movements of Sherman in and around Kennesaw Mountain; it may give some insight into why Sherman proceeded in such a brutal manner towards Atlanta once he was able to break free of Confederate constraints. Of interest, is the writers' belief that Sherman is the most "whiped man of the army", and that "Lt. Gen (Grant) is used up in Verginia," just two weeks prior to the Battle of Peachtree, and the confrontational removal of Johnston by Jefferson Davis. It also covers the upcoming Presidential Election of 1864 and the politics of the time; mention how everyone is down on the Baltimore Candidates. The letter written the following month in August 1864, also by H. C. Garsonall to Horatio Griswold, is found in the Smithsonian Institute's National Museum of American History. It is part of the Warshaw Collection and can be seen here: https://americanhistory.si.edu/collections/search/objects/siris_arc_297791
Also, the current letter for sale here can be read below. I have transcribed it the best I could, as it is difficult to decipher in a few places.
Independence Day, 1864
[Rev?] Horatio, I received yours of the 28th just yesterday. I have been very busy for some time. Another change in this dept. has taken place. Capt. Norton has resigned and Capt. Geo. B. Hibbard has been assigned to the Dept. and everything and everybody has been transferred to him from the first of July. We are going to have a grand celebration for him today Military [ ] & Co. but it is very cloudy this morning and I think the participants might get slightly wet before evening.
The War is progressing [finely] and our permanently made Lt. Gen is used up in Verginia and as for Sherman (the smartest Gun of the two) he is the most whiped man of the war. Johnston has led him on till he has him in a triangle between lost mountain in the west and pine mountain in east with Kenesaw about 3/4 mile south with Wheeler, Forest and Stephen D. Lee in his rear, and if he ever escapes he is a lucky Gen. The fourths of all forages trans we send to him are captured. The Chief Clerk is the Senior QMr. Drake told me that this man was now NC'O as their officer, which the papers would give any amount of money to possess. But you would see it in the papers. There is no more use in reading the war news reposted in northern papers than there is looking into a fortune tellers stone. Politics are running rather high here but the general mass of people are down on the Baltimore nominees but I am not sure we can defeat them, although if a good ticket is nominated at Chicago and Fremont remains in the field, we can carry it to the house of Representatives. I do not believe McClellan would be the strongest man, there is so much prejudice against him. The Springfield Republican [Charles Sumner ?] which holds the "Vox populi" of New England in its hand is so bitter on him that we could not expect votes from those states. So with Horatio Seymore, D. W. Vosshus and others. We must take up some man that has not made himself conspicuous in this unnatural war, but who is known to be upright and would suit the masses. I think Judge Woodruff of PA for President and Gov. Bramlette of KY would make a strong ticket. I do not believe a man from the state of New York [W.H. Seward?] would make the support he ought. An awful ill feeling exists on all the western states and the Southern states do not like him backing this man with his strength and wealth. Kind regards to all, Yours Truly,
Horace There was an order issued here some three months since for each QM to muster all of his employees into a brigade and drill for two hours in the three days of each week this is about 17,350 in all. Dept has Laborers and all Capt. Norton formed his into companies and appointed officers from Clerks and of this 32 NC’ Officers. I was a Lieut. They kept up the drill two weeks or so but it is mostly done away with now. I did not go out to drill at all. The Capt. if I did not intend to I told him no that when I enlisted into the Service as a soldier I would go to the front that I wished he would give me my discharge rather than insist upon my going out for drills. I think the Northern States and the Northern Annus in a more fix than they have ever been before.
- Number of Books
- History, Militaria, Politics
- Book Title
- Manuscript; American Civil War Letter (plus envelope)
- Very good
- Publication year oldest item
- Original language
- Binding/ Material
- Single page
- other extra - see description, Signed
- 10×8 in