Francesc Domingo Segura (Barcelona, 1893 - São Paulo, 1974) - Pareja de Jovenes

Francesc Domingo Segura (Barcelona, 1893 - São Paulo, 1974) - Pareja de Jovenes
Mixed media - Hand signed - 1930/40

Signed and framed ( the frame presents wear and scratches)
Frontal protection

It is in good condition. However, the paper presents some signs of the passage of time.
It has a slight wrinkle on the upper left corner. It is not a defect, it is not well framed.

Francesc Domingo Segura was born in the village of Sants (added to the the city of Barcelona in 1895) on April 3rd, 1893. His father was the manager of the village’s Ateneum bar and therefore he knew the atmosphere of social groups from a young age. He studied painting and engraving in the Escuela de Bellas Artes of Barcelona and in 1918 he joined the newly formed Agrupación Curbet (a group precursor of the Catalan avant garde during the 1920s), where he socialized with artists such as Joan Miró, Josep Obiols, Luís Llimona, José de Togores, etc. Despite his multiple evolutions, he always kept his concern for structuralism, due to his admiration for Cézanne.

During his Paris period (1922 -27) he approached cubism, improving the colours of his palette. From 1927 to 1931 he lived in Brittany, where he developed his spectral period and tried the lineal, shaded graphism. His “Maternidad”, which belongs to this period, is very close to Fernand Léger’s best works (1881-1955) In 1931 he returned to Barcelona and evolved towards a more classical painting. He cultivated a social realism, devoid of demagoguery, by idealizing the working class’s leisure time, as well as other collective subject-matters that he had already started during his first years in Barcelona. Thanks to the preciosity of his style he acquired a well-deserved reputation as a portraitist.

After the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), in a Barcelona without artistic illusions, he was influenced by the general confusion and after ten fruitless years, he decided to emigrate to South America. On April 30th, 1950, he arrived in Buenos Aires, with the protection of his friend, the art promoter and editor Joan Merli (Barcelona, 1901 -1995), who was also an exiled from the Civil War and lived in the Argentinian capital since 1940. There, Domingo found the support of Merli’s friends. His accurate portrait technique provided him with the necessary income to lead a decent life.

However, his obsession was Brazil. On his way to Buenos Aires, he was captivated by the Puerto de Santos; in his words ‘due to the green of the background mountains and specially because of the plastic vitality of its light”. His brothers-in-law and his friend Monfort lived in Sao Paulo. That is how, fulfilling his desire, he arrived in Sao Paulo on the 23th of August of 1951 and he established there his residence for good. There he taught drawing, painting and, mainly, engraving. He also opened an art gallery. There, he also met other Catalans, such as the musician Miquel Arquerons Verdaguer, who was the director of the Sao Paulo choir, the painter Pedro Tort, the publishers Monfort and Mestre Jou, the photographer and collector Marcel Giró and the Faus family, businessmen in the cotton and coffee sectors.

For Domingo, this period in Brazil interrupted or maybe put and end to his previous pictorial career: Paris, Brittany and Barcelona are like a whole in his rich artistic pilgrimage, and this is reflected in the works exhibited in museums and private collections that - in their own right- could be in any well-documented anthology of Catalan painting of the 20th century.

In fact, Domingo had always been a man true to himself, to his time and background, but he never surrendered to the temptation of the prevailing fashion. His strong personality did not prevent him from being respectful with the environment he lived in. He rather became a transmitter of its atmosphere and details, and with this purpose he put all his pictorial scheme, his stroke, his palette and his expressive concept of painting.

The paintings and engravings of his 23 years in Sao Paulo (he died in 1974) are a clear reflection of his respect and his love for the land that adopted him. His painting “Homenagem a la mae preta” is a beautiful tribute to the Brazil of the 1950s. I think that in 1973 or 1974 the city of Sao Paulo payed him a well-deserved tribute. He held two exhibitions in Barcelona about his Brazilian work, in 1967 and 1973.

However, Domingo did not forget his land of origin. In 1972, a Catalan magazine published a questionnaire that Domingo answered in writing at the age of 79. When asked if the thought about returning to Catalonia, he replied: “The return...! Nobody can make plans for the future. We live in Brazil as Catalans, thinking of Catalonia and for Catalonia”. As already said, Francisco Domingo Segura died in Brazil in 1974.

He was not able to return to his origins, but he died in that land, which was able to fascinate him with the plastic vitality of its light.

Lot details
Francesc Domingo Segura (Barcelona, 1893 - São Paulo, 1974)
Title of artwork
Pareja de Jovenes
Mixed media
Hand signed
Overall in good condition
Sold with frame
5 kg
Image sizes
59×46 cm
Total dimensions
82×5×68 cm
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