Ancient Greek, Hellenistic Terracotta Votive Figurine of Pallas Athena, goddess of wisdom, handicraft, and warfare

Description
Ancient Greek, Hellenistic Terracotta Votive Figurine of Pallas Athena, goddess of wisdom, handicraft, and warfare
Ca.200 BC - 100 AD

Ca.200-100 BC. A hollow-formed terracotta bust of a female figure; aperture to the reverse.

Good condition; 210 x 140 mm; 8.2677x5.5118 in; 690g;

Provenance: Important estate collection from Oxfordshire; formed in the 1970s-2000.

One of the most important goddesses of Greek mythology is Pallas Athena. She was the goddess of heaven, wisdom, martial arts and peace. The Roman equivalent of the deity was Minerva.

The birth of Athena. She is said to have been born from the head of chief god Zeus or from the water.

The myth about the birth of Zeus is remarkable. One day Zeus had a very bad headache. The pain is so unbearable that he calls all the gods of Olympus and asks for help. However, none of the gods can relieve him of his pain, not even Apollo - the god of medicine.

Because the pain does not go away, Zeus orders his son Hephaistos - god of ironwork - to split his skull open with an ax. Immediately after doing so, an adult Pallas Athena emerges from his brain, wearing armor and a spear in her right hand.

The capital of Greece, Athens, is named after this goddess. However, the city was not easily named after her, she had to earn it: the gods of Olympus see one day that a certain Cecrops found a city in the province of Attica and it is clear that the city is going to have a good, prosperous future, all the gods want the city to be named after them.

During a meeting, all gods may give arguments why the city should be named after them. After some time, only Poseidon and Athena remain as candidates. Zeus does not want to take sides and states that the city will go to the god who makes an object that is most useful to people.

Poseidon stamps on this with his trident on the ground, on which a beautiful horse comes out of the earth. Athena creates an olive tree. Although the bystanders initially think that she can never win the battle with this, she wins, after she explained what value the tree can have for people. According to her, the tree stands for peace and prosperity, in contrast to the horse, which is especially useful in wars.

Pallas Athena wins the battle and becomes the goddess of protection of Athens.

Lot details
Culture
Ancient Greek, Hellenistic
Material
Terracotta
Object
Votive Figurine of Pallas Athena, goddess of wisdom, handicraft, and warfare
Century/ Timeframe
Ca.200 BC - 100 AD
Condition
Good Condition, See Photo
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