An exceptionally fine ancient Egyptian white steatite scarab with incised hieroglyphs to the reverse, including a large oval cartouche with the symbols for men-kheper-re. The other hieroglyphs to the side, form the throne name of Seti I ("mn-mAat-rA stp-n-rA"), the first king of Dynasty 19. The use of the throne names of both Thutmose III and Seti I is attested on a large number of scarabs, indicating that they were likely produced over a long period, throughout the Ramesside Period and perhaps even later. Slight damage to the sides - see images.
Not all scarabs bearing a royal name are contemporaneous to the ruling pharaoh. Some kings were held in particularly high regard, and thus their name appears on scarabs hundreds of years after their reign. Thutmosis III of Dynasty XVIII was particularly honoured in this way, with his praenomen, Men-Kheper-Re, used on scarabs for a period of circa 1000 years. Men-Kheper-Re translates as ‘Established by the image of Re’.
Provenance: Gustave Mustaki was an avid collector in the early 20th century, with his collection coming to the UK under Egyptian licence in 1947. Many of his pieces are in major museums worldwide, including the British Museum, the Getty Museum, and the Egyptian State Museum. We have purchased over 1700 scarabs from this collection, and this item has been catalogued by Carol Andrews (formerly Egyptian Department in the British Museum).
- Ancient Egyptian
- Scarab Inscribed with the Names of Seti I & Menkheperre (Thutmose III) from the Mustaki Collection
- Century/ Timeframe
- New Kingdom, circa 1295–1070 BC
- Damage, See Photo