Condition: UNC/BU in original case
Country: San Marino
Value: 1 and 2 scudi
Composition: 0.917 gold
Weight: 3 g (for 1 scudo)
Weight: 6 g (for 2 scudi)
Total pure gold weight: 8.253 g
Diameter: 16 mm (for 1 scudo)
Diameter: 21 mm (for 2 scudi)
Obverse: coat of arms of the Republic of San Marino showing the three towers surmounted by three feathers, all of it under the closed crown and surrounded by oak and laurel branches. Underneath the motto ‘Libertas’ and the year 1974.
Reverse: the holy founder in the centre; below the value ‘UNO SCUDO’ or ‘DUE SCUDI’. Inside the figure of the saint is his testament in Latin: ‘Relinquo vos liberos ab utroque homine’.
Historical notes and curiosities:
The Republic of San Marino, located within Italy and bordering the Emilia Romagna and Marche regions, is a very small state and among the oldest in Europe. It was founded by Marino, a stonecutter originally from Arbe, in Dalmatia. He arrived in Rimini in 257 AD where he worked until he had to flee to escape persecution against Christians by the Emperor Diocletian. He took refuge on Mount Titano, where he gathered a small community for which he became the reference point. Monte Titano was given to him by the owner, Donna Felicita (or Felicissima) to thank him for having healed her sick son. It is said that his last words before he died were: ‘Relinquo vos liberos ab utroque homine’. It was 301 AD and the sense of cohesion and independence of the small community was strong.
San Marino boasts a tradition of neutrality and hospitality at all times. In this land of freedom, the right of asylum and help to the persecuted, of any condition, origin or idea, were never denied.
- San Marino
- 1, 2 scudi
- Year/Period and Variation
- 1974 (2 coins)
- Precious metal
- UNC (not released for circulation)