Post-Incunabulum in folio.
Extremely hard to find on the market, practically the only one available for purchase.
Here are collected the works of Persius that have remained, after the selection made by his master Cornutus. Upon Persius' death, Cornutus returned to Persius' mother and sister the money bequeathed to him by Persius, accepting instead the poet's library consisting of about 700 papyrus scrolls. He reworked the works of the deceased poet to have them published, but he considered only the six Saturaeworthy of publication, for a total of 650 hexameters, preceded by 14 choliambs.
Dedication on the second sheet: AD MAGNIFICVM IACOBVM ANTONIVM DE SANCTO VITALE BELFORTIS COMITEM ET E VITEM IOANNIS BAPTISTAE PLAVTII EPISTOLA.
Coeval restored binding, full parchment with signs of wear. Pp.: 258; (2); restored title page without loss of text, stains and browning, signs of woodworm in the text. Overall a good copy, with firm binding and wide margins.
Aulus Persius Flaccus (Volterra, December 34, 62 A.D. – Rome, November 24, 62 A.D.) was a Roman satirical poet of imperial age who adhered to stoicism.
Of his corpus only what Cornutus considered worthy of publication has survived: the six Saturae, for a total of 650 hexameters, preceded by 14 choliambs with a programmatic value: the author claims that his intent is to morally educate his readers, bitterly polemics against the literary fashions of the time, aimed exclusively for the purpose of pleasure and entertainment, and proudly claims the originality of his poetry and his inspiration.
In the first satire, Persius repudiates the custom of recitationes (public events in which one showed off one's literary knowledge for its own sake), while in the second satire he attacks the inconsistencies of the religious, who place everything in their gods without trying themselves to get rid of the evil that grips them. In the third satire, which closes, in fact, the programmatic introduction, a kind of triptych, proposed by the poet after the choliambs, he proposes the need for rigid and severe studies so that they can be formative.
These three satires are followed by three others that seem to constitute the pars costruens of Persius’ poetic and conceptual world. In the fourth satire, in fact, the poet emphasizes the importance of knowing oneself according to Stoic principles and the futility of public affairs, taking up the theme in the fifth satire, in which he gives suggestions on how to get rid of passions. This is one of the characteristic features of Persius, who also gives his satires a pedagogical function, posing as a praise to the master Annaeus Cornutus. Finally, in the sixth satire, Persius affirms that true libertas is not an external datum, proper to a particular social or political class, but it depends on the freedom of the soul.
Full title and authors:
Castigatissimum Persii poema: cum Ioan. Baptistae Plautii frugifera interpretatione: nec non cum Cornuti philosophi eius praeceptoris: Ioannis Britanici Brixiani ac Bartholamei Fontii aureis commentariis.
Colophon: Impressum Venetiis: per Ioannem Rubeum Vercellensem, 1516 die uero XXV mensis Aprilis.
Sheets: CXXIX,  c. ; fol.
Persius Flaccus, Aulus
Cornutus, Lucius Annaeus
Plauzio, Giovanni Battista
Publisher: Rosso, Giovanni.
- Number of Books
- Incunabula & early printing
- Author/ Illustrator
- Persius Flaccus Aulus
- Book Title
- Castigatissimum Persii poema
- Publication year oldest item
- 1st Edition
- Original language
- Venetiis : per Ioannem Rubeum Vercellensem, 1516 die uero XXV mensis Aprilis
- Binding/ Material
- Limited edition
- Number of pages
- 312×223 mm