First edition. Small masterpiece for caricature, the famous Caran d'Ache’s Carnet de chèques, published by Plon in the format of a check book, composed of 24 cheques with, of course, the cheque stubs. Title on pasted vignette.
Satire of business and the thirst for money that governed the bourgeoisie of the late nineteenth century.
In 1892, the Panama affair broke out. The government is called into question, several ministers must resign, the banker Cornelius Hertz goes into exile in London, baron de Reinach, at the announcement of the imminence of his arrest, collapses, struck by apoplexy. Ferdinand de Lesseps is accused, Georges Clémenceau and Gustave Eiffel are compromised. The caricature is sometimes unleashed even with a bitter wickedness.
Paperback. Cover with traces of manipulations, presents several small tears in the border and corners. Slightly dog-eared corners, clean and crisp inside.
Title: Carnet de Chèques.
Author: Caran d’Ache
Publisher: Plon (1892) not paginated 24 ff
Caran d'Ache (this pseudonym is a fanciful transliteration of the Russian word meaning "pencil"), was born in Moscow on November 6, 1858. He is the descendant of a grognard of the Empire, who, for the sake of love, stayed in Poland before settling permanently in Russia.
Caran d'Ache will remain faithful all his life to the heroic image he made of his ancestor and the epic of the latter in the armies of Napoleon. Upon his arrival in France in 1877, he entered into a five-year enlistment in the army. When he collaborated on La Caricature, it was still with martial scenes; and when he inaugurates the shadow theatre of the Black Cat, he evokes the campaigns of the Grande Armée. We detect in him a fascination in front of large gatherings, an attraction for order. He quickly became a prominent figure in the "Tout Paris". His Russian accent, his dandy side added picturesque to his talent.
There is a clear link between Caran d'Ache's taste for military deployment and his attitude as a cartoonist during the Dreyfus affair. In the anti-Dreyfus caricature, on the other hand, he manifests a deep, collective hatred in the name of the mutilated number. For him, who believes in Dreyfus' guilt, the latter "fell" voluntarily; it breaks the unity of the army, the unity that forms the number; it deceives the expectation of heroic disorder; he necessarily enters into this other unity which is the enemy, he is the insidious form of it: the Jew. He was one of the fiercest political cartoonists in this affair.
The case of Caran d'Ache is important. It reflects the attitude of a good part of the French, torn apart by the war of 1870-1871, the Commune and an implacable process of industrialization. These French try to reconstitute a unity through the image of a heroic army, stretched towards revenge. His death occurred in Paris on February 29, 1909.
Famous press cartoonist, collaborator of Le Rire, Le Chat Noir, La Vie Parisienne, La Caricature and Le Figaro. He directed with Forain the weekly Psst. Caran d'Ache was also a pioneer of comics without words. His graphic style has set a precedent.