Up for auction is a nice and RARE 1943-dated copy of the United States Army Technical Manual TM 30-301 entitled "Portuguese language guide". It covers many useful Portuguese words and phrases. These booklets were issued to the troops working with Portuguese volunteers/soldiers in the US Army in WW2.
Nice official and rare!! USA Army language guide that will be a great piece for your WW2 collection!
Note; stripes on the photo are not present on the actual booklet! It is due to the sunblockers.
History of Portuguese soldiers in the US Army during WW2
After the attack on Pearl Harbor, numerous Portuguese organizations voiced their support for the U.S. war effort. The great majority of Portuguese-Americans repudiated the fascist regime of Portuguese dictator António Salazar. The fraternal societies were especially supportive as many of their members volunteered for military service.
After Pearl Harbor, the U.S. Navy needed help to confront the Japanese. As part of that effort, the Navy recruited 47 vessels from the San Diego fishing fleet, many of which were Portuguese owned and operated. The boats would be used for patrolling and transporting supplies and fuel to the Pacific theater, and on some occasions, as minesweepers. When the U.S. Navy asked for volunteers to man the boats, 600 men, mostly Portuguese, dedicated themselves to this important but risky endeavor.
The vessels were painted gray, given YP (yard patrol) numbers, and fitted with light armament of 50 caliber machine guns, 20 millimeter cannons, and some with depth charges. The "Yippie" boats, or the "pork chop express", as the Portuguese called them, carried their cargo as far as the war zones of Midway and Guadalcanal. These missions often put the boats and crews in harm’s way. A total of 16 boats were lost to enemy attacks, accidents or storms from 1942 to 1945. In some cases, entire crews went down with their ships.
Many of the captains and crew members were recognized for their service and bravery in the face of danger. One among those was Captain Joaquin Theodore, who was born on the island of Pico, and at the age of 17 came to the U.S. and ended up as a fisherman in San Diego. He was given command of YP 36, and besides ferrying marines to Guadalcanal and pulling hundreds of sailors from the water, he was wounded in a Japanese attack. For his honorable duty and bravery, he was awarded numerous military service medals, including the Purple Heart.
Military records indicate that tens of thousands Portuguese-Americans served in World War II. They were present or involved in all of the major battles and operations of the war from the attack on Pearl Harbor to the signing of the Japanese surrender on the U.S.S. Missouri on September 2, 1945. They died along with their fellow soldiers at Pearl Harbor, in the Pacific theater, on D-Day, at the Battle of the Bulge, and many lesser-known battles. If you visit war memorials, museums, national and local cemeteries throughout California, especially in communities with significant Portuguese populations, you will find many who served and died in service to their country.
- for Portuguese volunteer units in US Army!
- Country of Origin
- United States
- Army Unit
- Official US Army Soldiers PORTUGUESE Language Guide
- Year of Manufacture
- Original/ Replica
- Good condition
- Comes with certificate of authenticity